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用车常识:夏季保养需要注意的几点

文章出处: 发表时间:2017-07-04 14:26:15

夏天气候多变,时而烈日当空,时而滂沱大雨。因此,及时的对爱车进行保护是非常必要的。那么在夏天怎么养护你的爱车呢?今天小编为您搜集了一些夏天必看的常识。

The summer weather is changeable, sometimes the sun and rain. Therefore, the timely protection of the car is very necessary. Then, how do you conserve your car in the summer? Today, Xiao Bian has collected some common sense for you to see in the summer.
除了气候炎热,车辆内部零部件的老化也是构成轿车自燃的重要原因。因此,车主应勤于对车辆进行往常的检查和养护。
In addition to the hot weather, the aging of the vehicle interior components is also an important cause of car spontaneous combustion. Therefore, the owner should be diligent in the usual inspection and maintenance of the vehicle.
建议机汽油滤清器缺点、线路缺点、电源线路老化,或许轿车长途超负荷装载致使建议机各部件不断工作构成温度升高这些都能够致使轿车自燃起火。
It is suggested that the defects of the gasoline filter, the disadvantages of the wiring, the aging of the power line, and the overload of the car over the long distance may result in the continuous operation of the components of the proposed machine, which will cause the temperature to rise.
救火器必备
Fire fighter essential
救活器是随车必备的设备。不过很多车主并不知道救活器的准确运用办法,或从不检查救活器是不是能正常工作,这么一旦发生紧急状况,也无法打开自救。因此车 主应在往常就学会救活器的准确运用办法;如果车辆配备的是干粉救活器,最好每年去本地消防器材商铺检查一次:首要检查干粉粉剂是不是结块、供给喷建议力的 内置氮气瓶压力是不是下降一级。
The life saving device is the necessary equipment for the car. However, many owners do not know the exact way to use the device, or never check the device is not able to work properly, so once an emergency situation, you can not open self-help. Therefore, owners should learn to save for the usual use of accurate measures; if the vehicle is equipped with dry powder is saved to the local shops, fire equipment inspection once every year: the best built-in nitrogen pressure dry powder is not the first examination, agglomeration force is not recommended supply spray drop level.
车内不留风险物品
No risk items are left in the car
往常日子中的打火机、香水、空气新鲜剂等也是构成轿车火灾的风险品。这些物品如果放在车内,车辆经过暴晒后能够致使上述物品发生爆炸。因此,在锁车之前应检查车厢内,不要留下这些风险物品。此外,一般车辆应尽量不载放汽油、柴油等风险油品。
Lighters, perfumes, air - conditioning agents and so on are also the risk products of car fires. If they are placed in the vehicle, the vehicle can cause the explosion of the article after being exposed to the sun. Therefore, the car should be checked before locking the car, do not leave these risk items. In addition, the general vehicles should try not to load gasoline, diesel and other risk oil.
 发生风险后不要严重
Don't be serious after the risk occurs
如果车辆真的发生自燃,也不要严重。大多数自燃发生之前都会有前兆:如有些冒烟、有焦糊味等。如果车主发现车辆失常,应灵敏泊车,不要急于抢救车内财物,防止本身烧伤烫坏。
If the car is really spontaneous combustion, do not seriously. Most spontaneous combustion occurs before a precursor, such as some smoke, coke, and so on. If the owner found that the vehicle is abnormal, should be sensitive parking, do not rush to rescue the car property, to prevent burns themselves hot.
不少车辆自燃是能够在前期熄灭的,但一般因车主严重而构成不用要的丢掉。火灾发生后,要在保证本身安全的前提下从速报警,并应尽量运用车载救活器或其他救活设备做前期弥补,切忌手足无措。
Many car spontaneous combustion can be extinguished in the early stage, but generally due to the serious owners of the composition, do not have to throw away. After the fire, it is necessary to ensure the safety of the premise of the police as soon as possible, and should try to use the car or other life saving equipment to make up for earlier, must not be overwhelmed.
最好上自燃险
Better risk of self ignition
对于车辆自燃,保险公司一般都有自燃险,即车辆附加自燃丢掉险。其间规矩,投保机动车在运用过程中因本身电器、线路、供油系统发生缺点致使火灾的,属自燃;司机若上了自燃险,保险公司可进行赔付。
For car spontaneous combustion, insurance companies generally have spontaneous combustion insurance, that is, additional spontaneous combustion vehicles lost insurance. In the meantime, the rules for motor vehicles in the application process, because of their own electrical appliances, wiring, fuel supply system shortcomings, resulting in fire is spontaneous combustion; if the driver on the spontaneous combustion insurance, the insurance company may pay.
浸水篇:雨水
Chapter soaked: rain
炎炎夏天,暴雨随时莅临,雨天驾车的安全疑问需要分外注重。但总结起来无外乎行车、涉水、视界、轮胎等几个要害。
Hot summer, rainstorm comes at any time, the safe question that drives in rainy days needs special attention. But summed up, nothing more than traffic, wading, vision, tires and other key.
稳慢领先
Steady lead
雨天行车尽量运用二挡或三挡,且时速不要逾越40公里。雨天行车更需要留意路旁边的行人,应减速慢行多鸣笛,耐性逃避,切不可与行人或非机动车抢道。湿滑 路面防止打滑的最好做法即是慢速跋涉。慢速跋涉可让轮胎与路面的接触面积添加,然后供给更大的牵引力。如果您发现车辆初步打滑,请不要猛踩制动或猛打方 向,这能够致使轿车进入侧滑状况。将脚从油门踏板上抬起,直至车速变缓并从头取得路感。如果您需要制动,请采用轻柔的点刹操作。装有ABS的车辆能够自动 进行点刹操作,此时您大约坚决而安稳地踩下刹车。车身如果发生了侧滑,在安稳制动的一同,大约顺着打滑的方向改变方向盘,能够克制车身发生旋转。
Try to use two or three blocks on rainy days, and do not exceed 40 kilometers per hour. A rainy day to pay attention to the road next to the pedestrian, should slow down more than the whistle, patience to escape, must not be cut or a non motor vehicle and pedestrian. The best way to prevent skidding on a wet surface is to travel slowly. Slow travel allows the area of contact between the tire and the road to be added, and then provides greater traction. If you find the vehicle initial slip, please don't slam on the brake or down direction, which can cause the car into the sideslip condition. Lift your feet from the accelerator until the car slows down and gets a sense of the road from scratch. If you need to brake, please use gentle inching brake. Vehicles equipped with ABS can perform automatic braking, when you approach the brakes approximately and firmly. If the car side skidding, in the smooth braking together, about the direction of the slide along the steering wheel, to control the rotation of the body.
 
 防止胎压过低
Prevent tire pressure too low
雨天行车会对轮胎提出更高的需要,旱季胎纹的深度最好能保证在4毫米以上。因为胎纹深度过低,简略在胎面和水面间构成水膜,构成轿车跑偏、甩尾和制动距离加长等状况。
Driving on rainy days requires higher requirements for tyres. The depth of the tread in the dry season is best guaranteed over 4 millimeters. Because the tread depth is too low, a simple water film on the tread and surface, a car braking distance deviation, tail flick and longer status.
低车速高转速经过积水区
Low speed and high speed pass through the ponding area
经过积水区时应运用低挡行车并稳住油门,一气经过,切不可半途泊车、换挡或急转方向,即使运用空挡也要不断地轰油门,坚持建议机的排气压力高于水压。因为 一旦轿车熄火,排气管会马上回流进水,构成排气系统危害。一同车辆在涉水时不能车速过快。其他,一般水深没过车轮中间或没过排气管最好都不要通行。
After the water area should use low gear driving and hold down and stretch after, must not be halfway parking, shift or swerved direction, even if the gap will continue to adhere to h-throttle, exhaust pressure higher than the pressure of the proposed machine. Because once the car has stalled, the exhaust pipe will return to the water immediately, which constitutes a hazard to the exhaust system. You can't speed too fast when a vehicle is wading. Other, the general depth of water did not pass in the middle of the wheel or exhaust pipe, it is best not to pass.
跋涉中及时处置视界不清的疑问
In time of travel, deal with uncertain vision
雨天行车运用前大灯会构成耀眼的光幕,要改用雾灯。若前挡玻璃上发生雾气迷糊了视界需要翻开空调的制冷开关,用冷风吹风挡玻璃,这么能灵敏使视界清楚;后 挡风玻璃出现雾气时,需翻开后挡风玻璃加热器,从速消除雾气。如果雨刷器扫水不彻底,使雨水沾在车玻璃上,能够将车蜡涂在车窗上,使玻璃外表构成蜡膜,改 善视界规划。
A rainy day use headlamps will constitute a dazzling screen, you want to use the fog. If the windshield fog occurs. Horizon air conditioning refrigeration switch need to turn over, with the wind blowing glass block, so sensitive to make clear horizon windshield; there was a mist, the need to open the rear windshield heater, to eliminate the fog. If the wiper sweep is not complete, the rain stained glass in the car, to wax the window, the glass surface wax, improve the planning horizon.
坚持车距
Stick to the distance
车辆在湿滑路面上的制动距离大约是枯燥路面制动距离的3倍,因此有必要留意坚持和前车的车距,根据车速的不一样,起码应坚持两个车身以上的车距,防止与前车发生追尾事端,如果后车跟车过紧,能够翻开双闪警示灯提示后车。维修站悉数体检。
The vehicle braking distance on wet road surface is about 3 times of dry pavement braking distance, so it is necessary to keep the vehicle in front and away from the car, according to the vehicle speed is not the same, at least should adhere to the two body above the distance, to prevent the collision incident with the vehicle, if the vehicle after the car can be tight. Open the double flash warning lights after the car. Maintenance station full physical examination.
   大雨以后,不管车辆有无失常表象,最好能够到4S店做一次悉数体检。因为一些风险并不能当场发现,但对车的潜在危害却非同一般。例如,大雨很简略让一些 树叶、尘土等附着在散热系统或建议机舱盖的排水孔方位,如果不及时收拾这些污物,会让散热系统的工作功率下降,引起机械缺点。所以,雨后要看一下建议机舱 与驾驶舱分隔部位的进气孔方位和左右翼子板两头的沟槽内有无积水,如有积水,能够拿清水冲刷进气孔,疏通水道,以保证车辆的最好工况。
After the heavy rain, regardless of whether or not the vehicle seems to be abnormal, it is best to go to the 4S shop to do a full physical examination. Because some risks can not be found on the spot, but the potential harm to the car is not the same. For example, the rain is very simple for some leaves and dirt attached to the drain hole range of cooling system of engine room cover or suggestions, if not promptly clean up the dirt, make the work power dissipation system decline caused by mechanical faults. So, after the rain to look at the cabin and cockpit separated parts recommended air inlet position and the left and right wings on both sides of the groove without water, such as water, can take the scouring water inlet, dredge waterways, to ensure the best working condition of vehicle.
雨后的轿车因为多处灌水能够会对轿车某些部件的功用有所影响,严重的可致使轿车不能正常建议。例如,电路遇水后很能够短路,很简略构成建议机报废。很多车 主一般在雨天开车后一个多星期才发现车辆短路表象。所以,我们在雨天涉水后,即使建议机正常工作,也建议在维修站及时对电路设备做一些处置。例如,将电路 吹干或擦干后,再建议预热。其他,检查制动系统也很重要。因为制动系统有非常强的吸附力,雨水非常简略进入制动液内,这么会影响到制动效果,严重的能够构 成制动失灵,建议雨后到专业维修站进行检查,以防后患。
After the rain, the car can influence the function of some parts of the car because of the irrigation in many places. For example, when the circuit meets water, it can short-circuit easily. Many car owners generally in the rainy days after driving more than a week before the discovery of vehicle short circuit appearance. Therefore, after wading in the rain, even if the proposed machine work properly, it is recommended in the maintenance station in a timely manner on the circuit equipment to do some disposal. For example, after drying or drying the circuit, it is recommended to warm up. Other, check the brake system is also important. Because the braking system has very strong adsorption capacity, the rain was very briefly into the brake fluid, so will affect the braking effect, can constitute a serious brake failure, the proposal to a professional repair station for inspection, to prevent future trouble.
雨天简略致使大灯进水。如果发现大灯内有水雾,能够翻开大灯并把远光灯也翻开,看10分钟后车灯内的水雾是不是初步不见,一小时后是不是能够彻底不见,如果不见了就不用担忧,但如果还有水雾,就要到专业的售后服务站进行处置。
Rainy days lead to water headlights. If you find the headlights in fog, can open the headlight and high beam lights to open, 10 minutes after the lights in the fog is not initially gone, after an hour is not able to completely disappear, if the missing will not have to worry about, but if there is water, it is necessary to the professional after-sales service station disposal.
处置:涉水熄火后再打火
Disposal: wading, flameout, and then strike
如果遇到积水,千万别冒险。万不得已要涉水,要坚持一二挡,千万不要高挡位低转速,要一口气经过。如果因为水面过高构成熄火,当即关闭燃烧开关,不要企图 再次建议建议机,将车辆移至安全地址,尽量使车辆前高后低,这么可使进入排气管中的水流出,防止损坏三元催化转换器及消声器。
Never risk anything if you experience water. Cannot but wading, to adhere to the one or two block, not high gear and low speed, to go through. If the water is too high because of the combustion flame, promptly closed switch, do not attempt to suggest again machine, the vehicle moves to address security, try to make the vehicle from high to low, so the water in the exhaust pipe into the outflow of three yuan, to prevent damage to the catalytic converter and the muffler.
建议机进水延时处置
Proposed water inlet delay disposal
经过区分,如果水进入建议机内部,应当拆下火花塞,人为堵截燃油供给系统和燃烧系统后用马达工作建议机,使进入建议机内部的水顺利排出。一同检查车辆各系 统油液状况,出现起沫、浑浊等表象应及时进行更换。检查完毕后运用压缩空气清洁建议机舱内部电器联接部件,防止水分积存在电器联接部位构成腐蚀。要点根除 部位是:保险盒、传感器插头、车身积水存积处。收拾完毕后,进行车辆路试,以判定建议机内跋涉过程中无失常噪音。如有明显跋涉噪音,检查建议机轴承和旋转 部件。

After distinction, if the water enters the proposed machine, the spark plugs should be removed and the fuel supply system and the combustion system intercepted by the motor shall be operated by the motor so that the water inside the proposed machine will be discharged smoothly. Check the vehicle oil system status, foam, turbidity and other appearance, should be replaced in a timely manner. After checking, use compressed air to clean and suggest the electrical connection parts of the cabin, to prevent moisture accumulation in the electrical connection parts, constitute corrosion. The main parts of eradication are: safety box, sensor plug and accumulation of water in the body. After finishing, the vehicle road test is carried out to determine the no abnormal noise during the flight of the proposed engine. In case of obvious noise, check the machine bearings and rotating parts.






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